- Accession to the Council of Europe : 1995
- Area : 33 700 km²
- Population : 3.56 million inhabitants (2014)
- Capital : Chişinău
- Official language : Moldavan (Romanian)
- Predominant religion : Eastern orthodox
- Political regime : Republic
- Head of State : Igor Dodon, President since Dec 2016
- Head of Government : Maia SANDU president elected on 15 November 2020
- Official currency : Moldovan Leu (MDL)
- International code : + 373
- National holiday : August 27
© CIA World Factbook
- December 1917 : Following the Bolshevik revolution in Russia, Bessarabia declares independence. Moldovan officials call for a union with Romania.
- March-August 1944 : The USSR regains its territory within Moldova and deports over 100,000 Romanians, accusing the deported of collaboration with Germany during the war.
- 1985-91 : Resurgence of Moldovan nationalism under Gorbachev’s perestroika. Romanian is reinstated as the official language.
- August 27 1991 : The Republic of Moldova declares its independence, which is immediately recognized by neighboring Romania.
- December 1991 : The Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, also known as Transnistria, declares its independence from Chisinau, but is not recognized by the international community. It asks to be incorporated into Russia or Ukraine.
- 1992 : Violent fighting in Transnistria with the Russian-speaking separatists.
- 1994 : A uUnion with Romania is rejected by referendum, particularly because of Russian pressure. It was supposed to be the political unification of the two states, and as a consequence the accession of Moldova to the European Union and NATO. Accession to the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
- 1995 : Moldova becomes a member of the Francophonie.
- 1996 : creation of GUAM (Organization for Democracy and Development) with Georgia, Ukraine and Azerbaijan
- 2007 : Signing of the Central European Free Trade Agreement. Beneficiary of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) of the European Union.
- 2011 : conclusion of negotiations between the European Union and Moldova on the protection of geographical indications.
The historic center of the Moldovan capital has about 700 buildings dating from the nineteenth century, including 18 old churches, such as the cathedral of the Nativity of Christ, which is at the heart of the city.
From 1919, Chisinau has seen many major architectural changes over the course of power changes, earthquakes, and wars, but mainly due to a strong policy of urban development. If the Soviet architectural tradition predominated in the 70’s, most of the buildings are inspired by Western models. Most of them are used by the business elite, such as banks and business centers .
Embroidery, the passion of Moldovan women
Traditional Architecture: Rural Architecture
Two-level houses are the most interesting and most original style of home, built during the XVII and XVIII centuries. Used due to geographic conditions, this form of architecture characterizes the Moldovan style. The two-level house consists of three main rooms: the foyer, one large communal bedroom (which also served as the dining room), and the “casa mare,” or the living room, which was utilized to host guests. Generally, the interior of the house is adorned with decorative rugs, while the exterior is furnished with painted and sculpted ornaments. To make the structure more sturdy, the terrace is built on a rock base, which serves as the foundation for the columns that support the roof.
Between Two Worlds…
As a former Soviet republic, Moldova gained its independence in 1991, following the fall of the USSR. Moldova is the only former Soviet state where the official language is of Latin origin. It is also interesting to note that Moldova serves as a center-point between two civilizations: Slavic civilization on one side (Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Bulgaria), and Latin on the other (Romanians and the Moldovans).
“Freakies” from the north
Pocrovca village, in the district of Donduseni, is very peculiar: no inhabitant ever leaves to look for a job abroad. Even the younger generation completes their studies in other cities and then returns to Pocrovca, where they are almost forced to get married, according to local rites.
Even the village government is a bit of a centuries-old tradition : the authority is not assigned to a single person, but to a group of wise sages. The mayor has no real authority, as opposed to the “advice” of the village, made up of 20 wise elders who make all the decisions. This governing style may seem surprising, but it works well for this small community, united in the bonds of solidarity and mutual aid.