- Accession to the Council of Europe : 1995
- Area : 33 700 km²
- Population : 3.56 million inhabitants (2014)
- Capital : Chişinău
- Official language : Moldavan (Romanian)
- Predominant religion : Eastern orthodox
- Political regime : Republic
- Head of State : Maia SANDU president elected on 15 November 2020
- Head of Government : Dorin Recean Prime Minister since 16 February 2023
- Official currency : Moldovan Leu (MDL)
- International code : + 373
- National holiday : August 27
© CIA World Factbook
- December 1917 : Following the Bolshevik revolution in Russia, Bessarabia declares independence. Moldovan officials call for a union with Romania.
- March-August 1944 : The USSR regains its territory within Moldova and deports over 100,000 Romanians, accusing the deported of collaboration with Germany during the war.
- 1985-91 : Resurgence of Moldovan nationalism under Gorbachev’s perestroika. Romanian is reinstated as the official language.
- August 27 1991 : The Republic of Moldova declares its independence, which is immediately recognized by neighboring Romania.
- December 1991 : The Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, also known as Transnistria, declares its independence from Chisinau, but is not recognized by the international community. It asks to be incorporated into Russia or Ukraine.
- 1992 : Violent fighting in Transnistria with the Russian-speaking separatists.
- 1994 : A uUnion with Romania is rejected by referendum, particularly because of Russian pressure. It was supposed to be the political unification of the two states, and as a consequence the accession of Moldova to the European Union and NATO. Accession to the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
- 1995 : Moldova becomes a member of the Francophonie.
- 1996 : creation of GUAM (Organization for Democracy and Development) with Georgia, Ukraine and Azerbaijan
- 2007 : Signing of the Central European Free Trade Agreement. Beneficiary of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) of the European Union.
- 2011 : conclusion of negotiations between the European Union and Moldova on the protection of geographical indications.
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