- Accession to the EU: 2004
- Accession to the Council of Europe: 1990
- Surface area: 93 036 km2
- Population: 9.88 million inhabitants (2014)
- Capital city: Budapest (1,7 million inhabitants)
- Official languages: Hungarian
- Listen to Hungarian
- Main religion: Catholic
- Currency: Euro
- Political system: Republic
- Head of state: Janos Ader, President re-elected 13th march 2017
- Head of government: Viktor Orban, Prime Minister re-elected on May 10, 2014
- International code: + 36
- National holiday: 20 August
- The Hungarian members of the European Parliament
Despite the Turkish invasions and domination by the Habsburgs, Hungary is the only country of all the Eastern European nations which has enjoyed an uninterrupted existence, ever since its creation by Saint Stephen in the year 1000.
Chain bridge, Budapest © Hungarian National Tourist Office
- 1848-1849 War of independence against the Austrian Empire, which ended in 1849 with the defeat of the Hungarian revolutionary army.
- 1867 The Austro-Hungarian compromise: Austria becomes Austria-Hungary.
- 1914 Austria-Hungary joins the war on the side of the German Empire.
- 1919 Admiral Horthy is appointed as regent by the Hungarian Parliament.
- 1920 Signing of the Trianon peace treaty at Versailles. Hungary loses two-thirds of its territory and half of its population.
- 1941 Hungary joins the Reich in its attack against the USSR.
- 1944 The Germans force Admiral Horthy to resign.The Wehrmacht occupies Hungary.
- 1945 Hungary is liberated by the Red Army. The borders Hungary held in 1920 are restored.
- 1947 The communists take power.
- 1953 Imre Nagy becomes head of government and launches a policy of liberalisation.
- 1956 A revolution breaks out in Budapest, with the demonstrators demanding free elections and that their country leaves the Warsaw Pact. The Red Army launches a bloody repression of the Hungarians’ democratic and liberal ambitions.
- 1956-1988 Janos Kadar is appointed to the head of the Hungarian Communist Party. A period of political repression and economic liberalisation begins.
- 1989 The Hungarian Communist Party dissolves itself.
- 1990 First free elections in more than 40 years. Hungary joins the Council of Europe.
- 1999 Hungary becomes a member of NATO.
- 2004 Hungary joins the European Union on May 1st.
- 2006 The Socialist Party (MSZP) wins the parliamentary elections with its candidate Ferenc Gyurcsany, who becomes Prime Minister.
- 2009 Prime Minister Gyurcsány resigns after a no-confidence vote.Gordon Bajnai becomes prime minister on March 29th.
- 2010 Dr. Pál Schmitt (Fidesz) becomes Head of state, Viktor Orbán (Fidesz) is elected as Head of government.
- 2011 Hungarian presidency of the council of the european union
Hungarian Paprika © Hungarian National Tourist Office
Hungary is a country of musicians and of music lovers. Among these, we should mention Franz Liszt, Bela Bartok, and Zoltan Kodaly. Franz Liszt, the son of a steward to Prince Esterhazy, was born in Doborjan, Hungary in 1811. He took his first piano lessons with his father. A brilliant musician, he studied composition in Vienna with Antonio Salieri, and the piano with Karl Czerny. From 1823 to 1835, he came to Paris to perfect his musical education and made the acquaintance of Chopin, Hugo, Lamartine, Berlioz, and Heine. Between 1839 and 1847, he performed throughout Europe and achieved a level of fame never equalled by any performer before him. In 1847, he ended his career under the influence of the Russian Princess Carloyne Sayn Wittgenstein. Liszt became cantor at the court of the Grand Duchy of Weimar until 1861. He then settled in Rome where he took holy orders. He died during the Bayreuth Festival in 1886. As both a pianist and conductor, Liszt created a musical academy in Budapest where he taught. A great connoisseur of Hungarian folklore, he leaves us no less than 19 Hungarian rhapsodies.
Frantz Liszt © Hungarian National Tourist Office
It was the Hungarian biochemist Szent-Györgyi who discovered vitamin C in 1933. Although the work was already well advanced in France and in the United States, he was the first to isolate this vitamin in a sufficiently large quantity, which derived from paprika, a Hungarian spice.
Albert von Szent-Györgyi © The Nobel Foundation
In Budapest, 1896, the first underground train system in continental Europe started operation. This is the second oldest underground train system in the world, after the London Underground, which dates back to 1863.
1896, the first underground in Budapest, © Hungarian National Tourist Office