- Accession to the Council of Europe: 1949
- Surface Area: 385,199 square kilometres
- Population: 5.12 million inhabitants (2014)
- Capital: Oslo
- Official Language(s): Bokmål, Nynorsk, Lapon
- Prominent Religion: Protestantism
- Political System: Constitutional monarchy
- Head of State: King Harald V
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Erna SOLBERG since October 16, 2013
- Currency: Norwegian Crone
- International Code: +47
- National Holiday: May 17
Norway or in Bokmål, Norge, can be translated simply as “the northern route.” From the ninth to the eleventh century, the Vikings colonized much of the Scandinavian Peninsula as well as parts of Scotland and Ireland. During this time, Viking communities were established in areas of Iceland and Greenland. At the end of the ninth century, Norway was finally unified by Harald Fairhair (872-933), who later became the first King of Norway. While Norway is not a member of the European Union, it has chosen to opt into EU projects.
- 1814: In the wake of the Napoleonic wars, Norway seceded from their union with Denmark, to enter into a union with their Swedish neighbor. A Norwegian constitution was drafted and finally signed on May 17.
- 1905: After a nation-wide referendum, Norway seceded from their union with Sweden.
- 1914-1918/1939-1945: During both world wars Norway remained neutral. Nevertheless, on April 9, 1940, German forces attacked and invaded the Scandinavian country, forcing the royal family and government to flee to England.
- 1949: Norway is a founding member of several international organizations including the Council of Europe, NATO, and the UN, whose first secretary general was Norwegian.
- 1970: The development of the egalitarian social political system
- 1972: Norway opposes, by means of national referendum, accession to the European Union.
- 1991: King Olav V died, succeeded by his son Harald V.
- 1992 : Signature of the European Economic Area Agreement
- 1994: Norway, for the second time, is opposed to joining the EU.
- 2001: Norway joins the European Economic Area and the Schengen zone.
- since 2009 : participation to several EU projects linked to Norway’s participation to the EEA.
- 2014 Jens Stoltenberg became Secretary General of NATO. His term was extended until the end of September 2022.
Oslo, Star of the North
Picture: Oslo town council © Nancy Bundt, INOpera Oslo © Photo Snøhetta
Norway has the largest concentration of fjords in the world, with the majority of these natural formations located in the western coast of Norway, or “Fjord Norway.”
The Naeroyfjord and the Geirangerfjord are both in UNESCO’s World Heritage list. The Naeroyfjord is the narrowest fjord, with over 1,800 meters of cliffs that rise about the Norwegian Sea and extend 500 meters below sea level. Naeroyfjord is a branch of the Sognefjord, which is the deepest and longest fjord in the world, reaching 204 kilometers inland.
Situated north of Naeroyfjord, is the Geirangerfjord, also on the World Heritage List for not only its breadth but for its magnificent scenic splendour. Between the fjords is the Jostedalsbreen glacier, the most important glacier in Europe, which each millennium erodes over 50 cm bedrock. UNESCO is not the only appreciator of these natural beauties. In 2004, National Geographic Travelerdescribed the Norwegian fjords as “the most beautiful undiscovered tourist destination in the world.”
Geirangerfjorden © Fjord Norway
“The Cry,” perhaps Munch best known pieces of art, is often considered as the first expressionist painting. “The Cry” depicts a man conflicted with existential anxiety. The principal characteristics of expressionism rests in the utilized colors as well as in the brush strokes.
Edvard Munch died in January 1944, at the age of 80. He left a vast collection of about one thousand paintings, 4,500 drawings and watercolors, and six sculptures. The Munch Art Museum, in Oslo, was created in his honor, housing his pieces of art.
In August 2004, “The Cry” and “The Madonna” were stolen, however, found in Norway in 2006. The two paintings were estimated at around 80 million euros.
“The Cry” © edvard-munch.com
40% of woman on boards of directors
Parental Leave of Absence in Norway
Land of the Midnight Sun
Source: Norwegian Embassy, Paris