- Accession to the Council of Europe: 1995
- Area: 603,7 sq km
- Population: 45.25 million inhabitants (2014)
- Capitala: Kyiv (Kiev)
- Official language: Ukrainian
- Government type: Republic
- Head of State: Volodymyr Zelensky elected President on April 21, 2019
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Denys Chmygal since March 4th, 2020
- Official currency: Hryvnia
- International code: +380
- National holiday: August 24, independance of Ukraine
Originally a city-State, Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which was the largest and most powerful state in Europe during the 10th and 11th centuries. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus progressively declined and during many centuries was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and eventually absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to bring about a short-lived period of independence (1917-20).
© Picture : University of Tchernovtsi
text : CIA World Factbook 2009
- 1917-1920 : Brief period of independence, proclaimed by the Rada Council after the fall of the Russian Empire. However, after a short period of time, Ukrainian sovereignty is lost and the country is divided between Russia, Poland, Romania, and Czechoslovakia. 1922-1991 : Ukraine is a Soviet Republic of the USSR.
- 1922 : 7 million peasants peish in man-made famine during Stalin’s collectivization campaign.
- 1937-1938 : « Grandes Purges » : the arrests and execution of Ukrainian intellectuals. Those whose lives were spared were sent to work in Siberian work camps.
- 1941 : Nazi Germany invades USSR.
- 1943 : Soviet Forces retake Kiev after a bloody battle.
- 1991 : Ukraine declares its independence after the fall of the USSR.
- Nov. 9 1995 : accession to the Council of Europe.
- Sept. 11 1997 : ratification of the European Convention on Human Rights.
- 1998 : entry into force of the Partnership and Co-operation Agreement (PCA), within the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP).
- 2004 : Orange revolution because of protests against the results of the second round of the presidential elections. Beggining of closer relations with the Western countries, NATO and EU.
- 2008 : accession to the World Trade Organisation (WTO). Beginning of negociations of the Association Agreement with the EU.
- 2009 : Eastern Partnership, within the frame of the ENP.
- A free trade area agreement between EU and Ukraine is implemented