- Accession: 1957, founding member
- Accession to the Council of Europe: 1949
- Surface area: 2 586 km2
- Population: 549 680 (2014)
- Capital city: Luxembourg (112 000 inhabitants)
- Official languages: Luxembourgish, French, and German
- Main religion: Catholic
- Currency: Euro
- Political system: Constitutional Monarchy
- Head of state: Grand Duke Henri, since 2000)
- Head of government: Xavier Bettel, appointed December 4th, 2013
- International code : + 352
- National holiday: June 23
- The Luxembourg members of the European Parliament
- 1815 The Congress of Vienna sets up the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, but this continues to be attached to the Netherlands, as the 18th province.
- 1839 The Treaty of London confirms Luxembourg’s independence, granted by the Congress of Vienna, while at the same time resolving the situation between Belgium and the Netherlands. It is at this stage that the country takes on its current form.
- 1840-1849 Luxembourg is under the administration of William II.
- 1867 The Treaty of London guarantees the permanent independence of a neutral Luxembourg.
- 1868 Luxembourg adopts a Constitution.
- 1890 End of the personal union between the Netherlands and Luxembourg. The crown passes to Adolf of Nassau.
- 1914-1918 / 1940-1944 Luxembourg is occupied by German troops.
- 1944 The Benelux union is created by the governments of Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
- 1949 Luxembourg abandons its neutral status.
- 1949 Luxembourg becomes a founding member of NATO.
- 1957 Along with five other European nations, Luxembourg sets up the EEC.
- 1964 The crown passes from the Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg to her son Jean.
- 1995 Jacques Santer becomes the President of the European Commission.
- 2000 Grand Duke Jean abdicates in favour of his eldest son, Henri.
- 2009 The Christian Social People’s Party (CSV) wins the elections, providing a new term of office for Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker, who had already been elected in 1995, 1999, and in 2004.
- 2014 Jean-claude Juncker becomes president of the european commission
Vue to Luxembourg © Tourist Office Luxembourg
© European Commission
Coveted over the centuries by major foreign powers, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg found it necessary to build many castles. Of the 109 castles listed in the Middle Ages, 76 have stood the test of time and are in various states of repair. From both a historical and touristic point of view, the most interesting of these are the castles of Beaufort, Bourglinster, Bourscheid, Clervaux, and Vianden. The castle of Beaufort was built around 1200. Its ruins are spectacular and well-maintained, located in an attractive setting. The castle of Bourglinster is built on a rocky spur, at a height of 350 meters. The castle of Bourscheid, the largest of the country, is located between the Rhine and the Meuse. In 1430, the great outer wall was added, with its many towers. The medieval castle of Clervaux is also well worth a visit. Built in a winding valley, this feudal castle dates from the 12th century. The castle of Vianden was one of the largest and finest feudal residences in Europe during the Romanesque and Gothic periods. For anyone keen to get back to the days of knights in shining armour, nothing can rival a stay in Luxembourg!
© Tourist Office Luxembourg
Robert Schuman © European Commission