- Accession to the Council of Europe : 2002
- Area : 51 197 km2
- Population : 3.83 million inhabitants (2014)
- Capital : Sarajevo
- Official languages : Bosnian, Serbian et Croatian
- Predominant religions: Islam, Catholicism, Orthodox
- Government type : Republic
- Head of State : Triple Presidency; since 2006: Zeljko Komsic, Nebojsa Radmanovic and Bakir Izetbegovic.
- Head of Government : Vjekoslav Bevanda, Prime Minister since January 12th, 2012
- Official currency : Convertible mark /KM/
- International code : + 387
- 1180 : Ban Kulin becomes the founder of the medieval Bosnian state: a charter between Ban Kulin and Dubrovnik in 1189 shows that Bosnia and Herzegovina was, in fact, a state at this time.
- 1463 : Bosnia and Herzegovina is conquered by the Ottomans and becomes a sandjak of the Ottoman Empire, with Sarajevo as the capital.
- 1878 : The Berlin Congress declares Bosnia and Herzegovina to be part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire.
- 1914 : Archduke Francis Ferdinand of the Habsbourg, heir to the throne of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, is assasinated in Sarajevo. This event is the spark that causes the explosion of the First World War.
- 1918 : Bosnia and Herzegovina is integrated into the Kingdom of Croatians, Serbians, and Slovenians, which later becomes the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
- March 1992 : The Bosnian Parliament declares independence following a national referendum.
- April 1992 : The international community recognizes the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, during its incorporation into the United Nations.
- December 1995 : Signing of the Dayton Agreements in Paris, which ended the long and bloody ethnic war in the Balkans, that left over 200,000 dead and 2.1 million displaced.
- June 16 2008 : In Luxembourg, the Stability and Association Agreement between Bosnia-Herzegovina and the European Union is signed.
- July 2008 : Bosnia-Herzegovina and the European Commission sign a financing agreement for the 2007 national program, the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA).
- Nov. 9 2010 : The short-stay visa requirement for citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina is waived
In 1984, Sarajevo hosted the XIV Winter Olympic Games. The high quality of the sports facilities and the famous tracks of the cities of Bjelasnica, Trebevic, Igman, and Jahorina, ensured that the competion ran smoothly.
Picture: 14th Film Festival of Sarajevo, coeur de Sarajevo pour le film “Buick Riviera” © www.sff.ba
In the second largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Mostar, the rebuilding of this bridge symbolises a link between two neighborhoods on either side of the river. On one side is a predominantly Christian neighborhood, and on the other, a neighborhood predominantly populated by Muslims. This bridge is considered to be a “Patrimony of Humanity” by UNESCO.
© Botschaft von Bosnien-Herzegowina, Paris