- Accession to the Council of Europe : 1963
- Surface Area : 41 285 km2
- Population : 8.14 million inhabitants (2014)
- Capital : Bern
- Official languages : German, French, Italian, Romansch
- Predominant religions : Catholics; Protestants
- Government type : Confederation, similar in structure to a federal republic
- Head of state : Simonetta Sommaruga since 1 January 2020
- Currency : Swiss Franc (CHF)
- International code : + 41
- National holiday : August 1
In 1921, the Swiss Confederation appeared, alliance among 3 rural areas. Over the centuries, the alliance has enlarged. Each member manages its own affaires and different members are united only when tackling with the common questions.
Gruyères castle, Fribourg © Julia Slater / swissworld
- 1848 Switzerland became a country. Constitution was adopted, endowed a central gouvernement. It was approved by 22 cantons.
- 1863 Established in Geneva of the International Committee of the Red Cross.
- 1874 New Constitution was adopted.
- 1914 – 1918 Switzerland remained neutral during WWI.
- 1920 The League of Nations was created. Switzerland joined as a member. The headquater of the institution was installed in Geneva.
- 1930 – 1945 Switzerland stayed neutral in WWII.
- 1960 Switzerland is the founding member of the European Free Trade Association.
- 1963 Switzerland became a member of the Counsil of Europe.
- 1972 : Free trade agreement with the EU.
- 1979 The 23th canton, Jura, was created without changing the country boarder.
- 1989 : Insurance agreement with the EU.
- 1992 The Swiss Federal Council failed.
- 1999 : Bilateral agreements I with the EU.
- 2000 The first bilateral agreements between Switzerland and the European Union were accepted. They shall enter into force in June 2002.
- 2001 The majority of the population were against joining the EU.
- 2002 Switzerland, which was already a member in several agences of the United Nations, acquired full membership in the UN.
- 2004 The bilateral agreements between Switzerland and the EU were extended to new domains.
- 2008 Since December 12, Switzerland joined the Schengen area so people could travel freely without going though boarder control.
Picture : the city of Bern © Bern Tourism
Picture : Swiss chocolate © Nestlé
CERN: In the heart of the matter
In the nineteen eighties, CERN was the birthplace of the “www”.
© Présence Suisse 2007 Département fédéral des affaires étrangères DFAE www.cern.ch
The most popular girl in the world
Solar energy in altitude, a path to follow