- Accession to the Council of Europe: 2007
- Area : 13 812 km2
- Population : 624 335 inhabitants (2014)
- Capital : Podgorica
- Official language : Montenegrin
- Predominant religion : Orthodox
- Political Regime : Republic
- Head of state : President Milo Djukanovic elected April 15, 2018
- Head of government : Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic (since 9 november 2012)
- Currency : Euro (€)
- International code : +382
- National holiday : July 13 (1878)
Picture: Budva, Montenegro © European Commission
- 1910 : Montenegro became an independent kingdom.
- 1918 : King Nicolas I is stripped of his Crown for Montenegro to unit with the Kingdom of Serbs. The state puts an end to forty years of independence and will thus be part of Yugoslavia in 1929.
- 1943 : founding of the Socialist Federal Republic. First named Democratic Federation of Yugoslavia, it took the name Federal Popular Republic of Yugoslavia after the adoption of a new constitution in January 31, 1946, and finally became the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1963. It survived until January 15, 1992, when four of its republics seceded.
- 1992 : After the secession of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and the dismantling of the former Yugoslavia (1946-1991), a new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was created. It was composed of Serbia and Montenegro.
- 2003 : The Federation is transformed into a Community of Serbia and Montenegro.
- 2006 : in May, 55% of Montenegrins voted “yes” to independence by referendum. On June 3, the Montenegrin parliament proclaimed the country’s independence and the dissolution of the Community of Serbia and Montenegro. He became the 56th Member State of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, and is admitted as the 192nd Member State of the United Nations.
- 2007 : Montenegro adopted by referendum a new constitution by two-thirds majority after more than a year of political debate. Became the 47th member of the Council of Europe.
- 2008 : The historical leader Milo Ðukanovic became Prime Minister while Filip Vujanovic was elected president on April 6. Agreements with the EU : Interim Agreement on trade and related matters, facilitation of visa issuance agreement and agreement on the readmission of persons residing without authorization.
- 2009 : waiving of the visa requirements for citizens traveling in Europe.
- 2010 : Entry into force of the Stabilisation and Association Agreement with the EU. The European Council granted Montenegro official candidate status to the UE.
Picture : Downtown Podgorica © European Commission
Kotor -natural and historical world heritage
Picture : Bay of Kotor © European Commission
Picture : Monastery of Rezivici © European Commission
A traditional instrument: the gusle
Picture : gusle player © wikimediacommons
Sources of texts:
- CIA world factbook
- Montenegrin government official website