During the 15th century, Portugal launched a number of expeditions to the New World. The discovery of new trading routes by great explorers such as Vasco da Gama gave Portugal enviable wealth and power.
Pena National Palace, Sintra © Icep Portugal
- 1910 The Monarchy is brought to an end by a revolution. The Republic is proclaimed on October 5.
- 1916 Portugal joins the Allied side during the First World War.
- 1926 A coup d’etat organised by General Gomez da Costa results in Marshal Carmona becoming leader of the country.
- 1932 Antonio de Oliveira Salazar is appointed as Prime Minister. He introduces a dictatorial regime.
- 1939 Salazar declares Portugal neutral during the Second World War.
- 1949 Portugal is a founding member of NATO.
- 1968 End of Salazar’s dictatorship. He is replaced by Marcelo Caetano.
- 1970 Death of Salazar.
- 1974 The Armed Forces Movement (AFM) launches a coup d’etat on April 25. This “carnation revolution” brings an end to more than 50 years of dictatorship and leads to the introduction of a democracy.
- 1976 Proclamation of the Constitution on February 21.
- 1986 Mario Soares is elected as President of the Republic and Portugal joins the EEC.
- 1996 Jorge Sampaio becomes President of the Republic. He is re-elected in 2001.
- 1998 The last universal exhibition of the 20th century is held in Lisbon.
- 2004 The serving Prime Minister, José Manuel Barroso, becomes the President of the European Commission for the period 2004-2009.
- 2005 The Socialist party led by M. José Socrates wins the parliamentary elections.
- 2009 For a second time, the Socialist Party wins the parliamentary elections.