- Accession to the Council of Europe : 1996
- Area : 17,075,400 km2
- Population : 143,06 million inhabitants (2014)
- Capital : Moscow
- Official language : Russian
- Predominant religion : Christian Orthodox, Muslim, Buddhist
- Government type : Presidential Republic
- Head of State : President Vladimir Poutin, since March 4th, 2012
- Head of Government : Prime Minister Dmitri Medvedev, since May 2012
- Official currency : Ruble
- International code : +7
- National holiday : June 12
The Kremlin, © RIA NOVOSTI
Text: CIA World Factbook
- 1904-1905 : Russo-Japanese War
- 1914-1918 :Russia enters WWI
- 1917 : October Revolution. The Soviet Workers, Soldiers, and Peasants Power is proclaimed.
- 1918 : Creation of the Russian federative Socialist Republic.
- 1922 : On December 30, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, the SSR of Belarus, the Soviet Sovialist Republic of Ukraine, and the Soviet Federative Socialist Republic of Transcaucasie form the Soviet Union.
- 1941 : On June 22, Nazi Germany invades the USSR without a declaration of war. Within a few months, the German Army was successful in occupying a large part of the country, including the Baltics, Belarus, and a majority of Ukraine.
- 1945 : Allied victory marks the end of the Second World War.
- 1953 : Death of Stalin.
- 1955 : Signing of the Warsaw Pact between the USSR and 7 people’s democraties.
- 1961 : The first successful space launch occurs on April 12. Man officially enters outer space.
- 1985 : Mikhaïl Gorbatchev launches his reconstruction plan of perestroïka.
- 1991 : Boris Eltsine (1931-2007) becomes the first President of the Federation of Russia after the fall of the Soviet Union. The dissolution of the USSR leads to the independence of 14 other former Soviet Republics.
- 1994 : Partnership and Co-operation Agreement with the EU.
- 2000 : Vladimir Poutin is reelected as President of the Federation of Russia, as well as in 2004.
- 2012 : Vladimir Poutine is reelected president of Russia with about 63% of the vote.
Quellentexte: Agence RIA NOVOSTI, Paris